The city council of South Portland (pop. 25,000) voted 6-1 on July 21 to pass the Clear Skies Ordinance [PDF] that "prohibits the bulk loading of crude oil onto marine tank vessels," said Mayor Jerry Jalbert. Susan Sharon, deputy news director of Maine Public Broadcasting, reports on the story for NPR in addition to MPBN.
Residents are concerned about air pollution, the possibility of a spill and the difficulty of cleaning up a heavier, more toxic form of crude oil, (Jalbert) says. It's that confluence of concerns that moved the council to ban tar sands.
The ordinance affects the operations of the Portland Montreal Pipeline Corp. that "owns and operates a tanker unloading facility, two tank farms (South Portland, Maine and Montreal, Quebec) and a system of pump stations and crude oil pipelines that traverse 236 miles along a common right-of-way from the state of Maine to Quebec," writes Sharon.
Pipeline company officials say they are evaluating their legal options. They say the ordinance restricts their ability to adapt to a changing market and to meet the energy needs of the region.
The proposed reversal of pipeline flows mirrors what's happening elsewhere as a result of the energy boom in North America due to fracking and oils sands production. Pipelines have already been reversed along the Gulf Coast between Cushing, Oka. and Houston. Costly liquified natural gas (LNG) terminals proposed to import natural gas for utilities now are being considered to export natural gas.
Sharon writes in MPBN that "(e)nvironmentalists are calling passage of the ordinance historic, something that could galvanize other community activists. But the pipeline company is characterizing it as "illegal" and considering its next move."
"This ordinance, if passed, would clearly be pre-empted by federal and state law," warned Matt Manahan, an attorney for the Portland Montreal Pipe Line Corp. before the vote. "There can be no doubt about that, and it's a mistake to move forward with an illegal ordinance."
"That hasn't discouraged Dylan Voorhees, the Clean Energy and Global Warming Project director at the Natural Resources Council of Maine. He says what has happened in South Portland is galvanizing activists around the country and motivating them to raise awareness about the threat of tar sands," writes Sharon.