"In a decision that local advocates say delivers a “strong message” to drivers, a Philadelphia jury awarded a cyclist $2.4 million in damages earlier this month for injuries she sustained in a 2011 collision," writes Streetsblog USA's Angie Schmitt.
Randy LoBasso of Philly Now provides the details: "On February 23, then-24 year-old Temple student Ashley McKean was traveling southbound on Broad Street [which turns out to be one of "the top spots for crashes in the city according to Bike Coalition of Greater Philadelphia] — when a parked car’s door “flung open,” according to court documents."
The door hit McKean’s leg. Then, a van came up and crashed into her from behind, sending her seven-to-ten feet through the air, landing on the pavement. She was subsequently run over by the van.
Dan McQuade of Philly Mag describes the verdict. There is a message here to bicyclists that should not be overlooked:
A jury found Marci Shepard (the driver whose door hit McKean), Robert Crawford (the driver of the van) and MCT Transportation (the van’s owner) at fault for the accident. It ruled Shepard 43 percent at fault, Crawford and MCT 36 percent at fault and McKean herself 21 percent at fault.
Yes - while the fault of the crash lies with the motorist who opened her door on the cyclist, cyclists too bear some responsibility to prevent being doored in the first place, though the article doesn't elaborate.
The best way to prevent being doored is to bike three feet away from parked cars according to Bicycling Street Smarts, as their two diagrams below from Chapter 2: Where to Ride on the Road illustrate:
"By riding a safe distance from roadside hazards, you increase your safety. When you ride correctly, the motorist in the driveway (a) sees you; the motorist overtaking you (b) will not take the easy way out and skim by your elbow; and the car door (c) is no threat."
"Where there are parked cars, the usable width of the street begins about 3 feet out from them - or from a wall, hedge or other obstruction."
Transportation planners: Not all cyclists will follow the three foot clearance rule. Street design and bicycle infrastructure can improve bike safety. Sharrows are helpful where bike lanes, particularly buffered or protected, are impractical.
No person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of such traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open upon the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers. [Amended Ch. 162, Stats. 1963. Effective September 20, 1963.]