Alison Sider writes that companies hoping to build rail terminals in Washington state capable of receiving the vast oil trains, also referred to as crude by rail or CBR, originating from the booming oil fields in the Bakken formation of North Dakota, are also encountering opposition.
The terminals are necessary to ship or barge the oil to refineries in Washington, Oregon, California and elsewhere, "(b)ut getting a permit in Washington is proving more challenging than companies expected." The "Lac Mégantic" effect is playing a role.
"The whole enterprise raises serious concerns about the heightened risk of transporting crude by rail," said Devorah Ancel, a staff attorney for the Sierra Club, an environmental advocacy group that has opposed some of the crude-by-rail projects at Washington ports.
There are economic advantages to building rail terminals in Washington state for receiving oil from North Dakota, now the second largest oil-producing state after Texas, producing over 1 million barrels a day (which includes neighboring states that compose the Williston Basin). It costs refiners only $10 barrel, "compared with $13 to $16 for a barrel of crude to travel by rail to California and $16 to ship a barrel to the East Coast," writes Sider.
But projects planned for some of the state's ports, where oil would be unloaded from trains, stored in tanks, and transferred to barges, have attracted criticism. A state hearing board recently overruled the City of Hoquiam, southwest of Seattle, which had issued permits to expand two terminals at the Port of Grays Harbor, west of Tacoma, to handle crude.
Pipeline projects that encountered opposition, in addition to Keystone XL, include the Northern Gateway in British Columbia, and the Freedom Pipeline from West Texas to California, which was dropped after California refineries opted to receive crude-by-rail.
However, the news is not all bad in the oil pipeline business. Keystone XL's southern leg, from Cushing, Okla., to the Gulf Coast at Port Arthur, Tex. will be operational on Jan. 3, reported the Huffington Post on Dec. 3.