Amy B. Dean looks at the social justice dimension of how mass transit is planned and funded in the United States. From Oakland to Boston, community activists and transit workers are joining forces to challenge federal, state, and local transit policies and projects to ensure they don’t have a discriminatory impact.
"For millions of American families, the commute to work is more than stressful: it can also be cripplingly costly," says Dean. "While the average family spends around 19 percent of its budget getting around, very low-income families (defined as families who make less than half of an area’s median income) can see as much as 55 percent of their earnings eaten up by transportation costs, according to a report by the Center for Transit-Oriented Development."
"Like many poverty-related issues, transportation has a racial dimension," she explains. "African Americans, on average, use public transit far more than whites do. Nearly 20 percent of black households do not have a car, in comparison to 4.6 percent of white households. Those cars ride on highways that cut through low-income neighborhoods, highways that were built by giving urban areas short shrift. Nationwide about 80 cents out of every federal transportation dollar goes toward highways—used disproportionately by more affluent drivers—and only 20 cents goes toward mass transit systems, which are heavily used by people of color and by lower-income workers. When it’s time to distribute that 20 percent, regional authorities often favor light-rail systems for suburban commuters over bus lines for city riders."
"As the injustice inherent in the distribution of public transit resources has become harder to ignore, activists have emerged to take on the broken system."