From cities like Piitsburgh and Cleveland, that stabilized declines in manufacturing with so-called "eds and meds," to Chicago, where "education growth has been a bulwark of the Loop economy," it's hard to find an American city that isn't turning to these sectors as an economic development strategy.
Renn, however, warns about the potential problems for cities that rely too much on eds and meds as the road to their economic futures. For one, "these tend to be non-profit, and thus reduce the tax base in cities that are dependent on them." Second, he argues, these sectors "are seldom a source to dynamism in communities in and of themselves." While these points, particularly the last one, may be arguable, he sees an even bigger problem in the fact that, "these industries are at the end of their growth cycle."
"As the US starts to groan under the weight of spending on health care and higher education," warns Renn, "it's clear that, as a society, we need to be spend less, not more on these items as a share of national output. Some cities with unique strengths, like Boston, with its many specialized biotech firms, or Houston, with the world's largest medical center, may thrive in this environment, but the vast majority of cities are likely to be very disappointed in where eds and meds growth will take them."