For Indonesia, the end of Ramadan is a national holiday, and causes major congestion. Some are trying to think about how to mitigate these problems.
"Similar to city-to-rural migration in China for the Spring Festival, the annual Muslim holiday in Indonesia is also a way to reinforce social ties and bring money from the city to the countryside. But given the growth of a city like Jakarta, it seems impossible for cities to deal with these mega-events.
John Ernst, the vice director of Southeast Asia for the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, whose work with ITDP has centered on TransJakarta, a bus rapid transit system of 10 lines that provides service to several intercity bus stations, shared some information on the government response to the holiday."