Stimulus to Nowhere?

John Norquist, President and CEO of the Congress for the New Urbanism, believes that President Obama should reconsider committing stimulus funds to decades-old freeway expansion projects and take transportation policy in a new direction.
Highway construction lumbers on.

Facing the nation's deepest economic crisis since the Great Depression and hearing from every quarter that the only thing worse than delay is timidity, President-elect Obama called on Congress weeks before his inauguration to draft stimulus package legislation that would kick start the economy and launch the new administration's domestic agenda. Meeting the timeline, but hardly the spirit of boldness hard times require, the Obama administration and House Appropriations Committee produced a package that looks like it was designed by the outgoing Bush administration. It offers a few hopeful green gestures with tax credits for energy efficiency, but on transportation the Appropriations Committee package commits taxpayer billions to a status quo of lots of big highways and only modest amounts for trains, transit or local street networks that serve as high value settings for development and job creation.

Heralded as a way to put the construction sector back on its feet, the transportation component of the bill offers a hidebound formula for spending money on the nation's transportation system. The bill makes a relatively small investment in transit ($8 billion) and trains ($1 billion), while mostly passing the buck – or 30 billion bucks, to be precise – to state DoTs and their long lists of backordered highway projects.

Obama gave highway officials much to hope for when he called his plan "the largest new investment in our national infrastructure since the creation of the federal highway system in the 1950s," but the incoming President and his congressional allies need to seriously consider whether putting most of their dollars in the superhighway basket really promotes the innovation, and more crucially the immediate economic activity, this country badly needs.

Is "Shovel-Ready" Enough?

State bureaucracies claim to have thousands of "shovel-ready" projects. But examining the list of "shovel ready" state projects at you find a list of decades-old freeway expansion proposals, large-scale projects that according to FHWA estimates, only 27% will be under construction within a year . Intimately familiar with the realities of transportation funding deployment, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office offered cautionary advice to the Appropriations Committee on just this point.

Even where construction can begin quickly, highway investments offer dubious long-term benefits. Among the projects likely to be submitted for stimulus funding are a multi-billion dollar widening of Louisville's riverfront freeway, adding 75 feet to the route's girth, and further separating downtown from the valuable Ohio River banks. Another $2 billion will be requested to widen and "modernize" Interstate 94 from Milwaukee all the way to the Illinois border. Though it won't achieve any significant reductions in drive times, this investment is projected to add more than 200,000 new vehicle miles (and 80 tons of carbon emissions) per day. On down the roster, the "shovel ready" lists promote high-cost roads that add little or no value.

Contrast that to the infrastructure of America's towns and cities, the setting for most of America's wealth and jobs. Their streets are even more badly in need of investment than highways – every winter storm opens new potholes (and new stimulus opportunities) – but they are nowhere to be seen in the stimulus package. Congress's lack of commitment to streets could deny the nation a genuine "shovel ready" opportunity to put dollars in circulation almost immediately. What's more, the right investments in streets, local transit and high-speed rail will address long-term constraints that are holding America back.

A New Direction

President Obama should insist that Congress move federal transportation policy in a new direction. He need only look to the Internet, employed to such definitive effect by his election campaign, for a telling example of how 21st century transportation systems should work. Internet traffic makes use of a network of linkages, breaking up large volumes of data into small packets and distributing them through a web of available nodes. It's fast, and it's reliable. The same model applied to transportation networks will allow all modes of traffic to flow over multiple redundant routes, making travel times quicker, driving, walking and bicycling easier, and transit service more viable. At the same time investment in streets will remove barriers to urban real estate development, promoting the proliferation of neighborhood amenities and leading, ultimately, to shorter commutes and fewer car trips.

Barack Obama and Joe Biden recalled the whistlestop campaign of Harry Truman with their Ride to the Inauguration. Meanwhile the stimulus package working its way through Congress is sidetracked into a cul de sac of depressing holdover ideas about transportation in America.

John Norquist is president and CEO of the Congress for the New Urbanism (, a leading national organization supporting walkable, mixed-used neighborhood-based development. You can find more information on CNU's proposal to improve networks of walkable streets using stimulus funds at



John, The nation’s deepest


The nation’s deepest economic crisis since the Great Depression - Give me a break! Did you live through the Carter Administration? The Depression had long lines for food; today we have long lines for the latest GPhone. I'm sorry that roads still rule.


fiddling while Rome burns

Not to put too fine a point on it, but Mr. Norquist has characterized the current economic situation in a manner similar to that of commentators before him. And I would note that, 'worst since the Great Depression' is not the same as 'The Great Depression.' Nevertheless, an apples-to-apples comparison is impossible, given the many changes that have occurred since 1930 in the social welfare system and in data collection.

That said, while cars may be the mode of the day--and I live in California, where there is virtually no other mode available--would it not be wiser to look to the future and spend our resources with a sharp eye to the future? Put another way, just because we've foolishly spent untold hundreds of billions of dollars on destructive automobile infrastructure in the past, does that mean we should continue to do so? Does yesterday's foolishness somehow justify today's?

I say no. We are beginning to experience a sea change, whose distant early warning was received in 1973, after United States oil production had peaked and was in decline. OPEC took advantage of our situation and brought us to our knees by establishing an embargo. We were warned in the late 1960s that the days of abundant, cheap oil were numbered, yet we did little to heed that call. We now have another opportunity to do so, with warning bells ringing around us. Will we step up and invest our scarce financial resources in a manner that will allow the United States to weather the coming storm? Or will we instead fiddle while Rome burns?

RE: Norquist

Probably need to use older language, (i.e. infrastructure, roads, bridges, etc.) to get Republicans on board. This is all uncharted territory and I think that anyone who refuses to acknowledge that fact is not being realistic. Left is good, but I hope Obama plays his cards right. i agree with John Norquist, but I'm not convinced that our president doesn't hold some of the same views.

Had to respond! I am not editor so disregard some of the grammer

While I do not disagree with you, this frame of thought only provokes conversation in this country limited to that of debating a particular party. We watch daily our news media play the republicans v. democrats and disregard the real issues facing this country. The AIG debacle would have been seen in past generations as such a scandal that no elected leader (D or R) would be relected. Comments like this are stereotypical. Somebody needs to step up and take the unpopular hit for vowing to support transit while disregarding the uncharted terriotory you speak about. Heres an idea beyond the partisan reteric, with GM's troubles, how about retooling them to not only build efficient cars and trucks, but to be the only US manufactorer of light rail cars! That way any small fraction of money in the somewhat "improved" stimulus bill goes to a US made product that will give americans work. GE is doing a good job with their approach to hybrid locomative engines, but US companies need to step up and retool their energies beyond personal transit. If the goverment is going to throw in lots of money at a company, it should not only expect better results, but results that uphold americas discretionary income, reduce dependency on foreign energy, produce products with longevity, and most of all provide jobs. I do not disagree with you that the President probably holds the same views that we do.

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